北京大学2006年留学生入学考试

英语试题


一、语音知识(共
5小题,每小题1分)

ABCD四个单词中,找出画线部分读音与所给单词读音相同的一个。

1. town

A. bowl     B. shown       C. pronounce       D. southern

2. trunk

A. language     B. strange       C. thunder       D. twentieth

3. something

A. breathe     B. wealth     C. although      D. therefore

4. bread

A. break    B. weak      C. sweat     D. least

5. biology

A. concert     B. observe     C. cover     D. above


二、语法知识(共
20小题,每小题1分)

从每小题的四个选项中,选出最佳的一项。

6. I didn't see your sister at the meeting. If she           , she would have met my brother.

A. has come      B. did come

C. came          D. had come

7. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks,           that he had enjoyed his stay here.

A having added   B. to add

C. adding        D. added

8. Here's my card. Let's keep in          .

A. touch         B. relation

C. connection    D. friendship

9. The first textbooks          for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.

A. having written            B. to be written

C. being written                D. written

10.           Don't forget to come to my birthday Party tomorrow.

A. I don't                          B. I won't.

C. I can't                          D. I haven't

11. I don't know the restaurant, but it's          to be quite a good one.

A. said                             B. told

C. spoken                         D talked

12. Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially          Father was away in France.

A. as                                B. that

C. during                          D if

13. I need one more stamp before my collection          .

A. has completed                                                      B. completes

C. has been completed                                  D is completed

14. The weather turned out to be very good,           was more than we could expect.

A. what                                                                    B. which

C. that                                                        D. it

15. we all write          , even when there's not much to say.

A. not and then                                            B. by and by

C. step by step                                            D. more or less

16. Tom ought not to          me your secret, but he meant no harm.

A. have told                                   B. tell

C. be telling                                    D. having told

17.           What was the party like?

           Wonderful. It's years           I enjoyed myse1f so much.

A. after                             B. when

C. before                                        D since

l8. Many people are still in          habit of writing things in          public places.

A. the; the                                      B. 不填;不填

C. the; 不填                                  D. 不填;the

19. He dropped the          and broke it.

A. cup of coffee                             B. coffee's cup

C. cup for coffee                                         D coffee up

20.           If you don't 1ike the red coat, take the blue one.

           Ok, but do you have -- size in blue? This one's a bit tight for me.

A. a big                                                       B. a bigger

C. the big                                                    D. the bigger

21. "Can't you read this?" Mary said           to the notice.

A. angrily pointing                                        B. and point angrily

C. angrily pointed                                                      D. and angrily pointing

22. We were all surprised when he made it c1ear that he          office soon.

A. leaves                                        B. wou1d leave

C. left                                            D. had left

23.           Mum, I think I'm -- to get back to school.

           Not rea11y, my dear. You'd better stay at home for another day or two.

A. so well                                                   B. so good

C. well enough                               D. good enough

24.           from Beijing to London!

A. How long way it is                                   B. What a long way is it

C. How 1ong way is it                                  D. What a long way it is

25.           Let me introduce myself. I'm Albert.

A. What a pleasure                          B. It's my pleasure

C. I'm very pleased                         D Pleased to meet you


三、完形填空
(20小题,每小题1分)

从每小区的四个选项中,选出最佳的一项。

     The measure of a man's character is what he would do if he knew he would never be found out.
     -----Thomas Macaulay

     Some thirty years ago, I was studying in a public school in New York. One day, Mrs. Nanette O'Neil gave an arithmetic  26  to our class. When the pa-pers were  27  she discovered that twelve boys had made the same mistakes throughout the test.

     There Is really nothing new about 28 In the examsPerhaps that  was why MrsO’Neill 29 even say a word about ItShe only  asked the twelve boys to 30 after classI was one of the twelveMrsO’Neill asked 31 questionand she did not 32 us eitherMacaulayshe wrote on the black-board the  33  words by Thomas MacaulayShe then ordered us to 34 these words into our exercise-books one hundred times

      I don’t 35 about the other eleven boysSpeaking for myself I can sayit was the most important single 36 of my lifeThirty years after being in-troduced to Macaulay’s wordsthey 37 seem to me the best yardstick(准绳),because they give us a 38 to measure ourselves rather than others 39 of us are asked to make 40 decisions about nations going to war or armies going to battleBut all of us are called 41  daily to make a great man-y personal decisions 42 the walletfound in the streetbe put into a pock-et or turned over to the policemanShould the  43  change received at the store forgotten or 44Nobody will know except  45 But you have to live with yourselfand it is always better to live with someone you respect


26
Atest                   Bproblem                Cpaper                   Dlesson

27Aexamined         Bcompleted             Cmarked                 Danswered

28Alying                 Bcheating               Cguessing              Ddiscussing

29Adidn't                Bdid                        Cwould                   Dwouldn't

30Acome                Bleave                    Cremain                  Dapologize

31Ano                     Bcertain                 Cmany                     Dmore

32Aexcuse             B. reject                     Chelp                      Dscold

33Aabove               Bcommon               Cfollowing               D. unusual

34Arepeat              Bget                        Cput                        Dcopy

35Aworry               Bknow                     Chear                      D. talk

36Achance            B. incident                  Clesson                  Dmemory

37Aeven                 Bstill                        Calways                  Dalmost

38Away                  Bsentence              Cchoice                  Dreason

39AAll                     BFew                      CSome                    DNone

40Aquick                Bwise                     Cgreat                     Dpersonal

41Aout                   Bfor                         Cup                         Dupon

42AShould             BMust                     CWould                    DNeed

43Aextra                Bsmall                    Csome                     Dnecessary

44A. paid                  Bremembered         Cshared                  Dreturned

45A. me                    Byou                       Cus                         Dthen


四、阅读理解(共
15小题,每小题2分)

从每小题的四个选项中,选出最佳的一项。


A

     The Great Fire of London started in the very ear1y hours of 2 September 1666. In four days it destroyed more than three--quarters of the old city, where most of the houses were wooden and close together. One hundred thousand peo-ple became homeless, but only a few lost their lives.

The fire started on Sunday morning in the house of the King's baker(面包) in Pudding Lane. The baker, with his wife and family, was able to get out through a window in the roof. A strong wind blew the fire from the bakery(面包房) into a small hotel next door. Then it spread quick1y into Thames Street. That was the beginning.

     By eight o'clock three hundred houses were on fire. On Monday nearly a kilometer of the city was burning a1ong the River Thames. Tuesday was the worst day. The fire destroyed many well-known buildings, old St Paul's and the Gui1dhall among them.

Samuel Peyps, the famous writer, wrote about the fire. People threw their things into the river. Many poor people stayed in their houses until the last mo-ment. Birds fell out of the air because of the heat.

     The fire stopped on1y when the King final1y ordered people to destroy hundreds of buildings in the path of the fire. With nothing left to burn, the fire became weak and fina1ly died out.

After the fire, Christopher Wren, the architect (建筑师), wanted a city with wider streets and fine new houses of stone. In face, the streets are still narrow; but he did build more than fifty churches, among them new St Paul's.

The fire caused great pain and loss, but after it London was a better place: a city for the future and not just of the past.

46. The underlined word "family" in the second paragraph means          

A. home                                 B. children

C. wife and husband             D. wife and children

47. It seems that the writer of the text was most sorry for the fact that          

A. some peop1e lost their lives

B. the birds in the sky were killed by the fire

C. many famous buildings were destroyed

D. the King's bakery was burned down

48. Why did the writer cite(引用) Samuel Pepys ?

A. Because Pepys was among those putting out the fire.

B. Because PePys also wrote about the fire.

C. To show that poor people suffered most.

D. To give the .reader a clearer picture of the fire.

49. How was the fire put out according to the text?

A. The king and his soldiers came to he1p.

B. Al1 the wooden houses in the city were destroyed

C. Peop1e managed to get enough water from the river.

D. Houses standing in the direction of the fire were pu1led down.

50. Which of the following were reasons for the rapid spread of the big fire?

(a) There was a strong wind.

(b) The streets were very narrow.

(c) Many houses were made of wood.

(d) There was not enough water in the city.

(e) People did not discover the fire earlier.

A. (a) and (b)                                  B (a), (b) and (c)

C. (a), (b), (c) and (d)                    D. (a), (b), (c),(d)and (e)


B

     Norma1ly a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a de-gree consists of thirty-six courses each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; whi1e attending a u-niversity a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semes-ter. Norma1ly a student would expect to take four years attending two semes-ters each year. it is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also Possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.

     For very course that the follows a student is given a grade, which is recor-ded, and the record is availab1e for the student to show to prospective employ-ers. All this imposes a constant pressure and strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to po-sitions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example, by cheating, is to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him later in his career.

51. Normal1y a student would at least attend         classes each week.

A36                               B12                               C20                               D15

52. According to the first paragraph an American student is allowed         .

A. to live in a different university

B. to take a particular course in a different university

C. to live a home and drive to c1asses

D. to get two degrees from two different universities

53. America university students are usually under pressure of work because        

A. their academic performance will affect their future careers

B they are heavily involved in student affairs

C. they have to observe university discipline

D. they want to run for positions of authority

54. Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations proba-bly because         .

A. they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study

B. they will then be able to stay longer in the university

C. such positions help them get better jobs

D. such positions are usually well paid

55. The student organizations seem to be effective in         .

A. dea1ing with the academic affairs of the university

B. ensuring that the students observe university regulations

C evaluating students' performance by bringing them before a court

D. keeping up the students' enthusiasm for social activities


C

     Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it's painful? This might be cal1ed laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation- He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.

     During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you're "hot". That's true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such fdri1iar mono1ogues as: "Get up, John! You'l1 be late for work again!" The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and energy p ea k in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives rea1ize what these energy cy- cles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

     You can't change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you're sleepy in the everning but'feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle, but you'll get up steam and work better at your 1ow point.

     Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the f1oor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possib1e, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours.

56. If a person finds getting up early a prob1em, most probably              .

A. he is a 1azy person

B. he refuses to follow his own energy cycle

C. he is not sure when his energy is low

D. he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening

57. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the pas-sage?

A. Unawareness of energy cycles.

B. Fami1iar monologues.

C. A change in a family member's energy cycle.

D. Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family emmbers.

58. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he

should          .

A. change his energy cycle

B. overcome his laziness

C. get up earlier than usual

D. go to bed ear1ier

59. You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will          .

A. help to keep your energy for the day's work

B. help you to contro1 your temper early in the day

C. enable you to concentrate on your routine work

D. keep your energy cycle under control all day

60. Which of the fo1lowing statements is NOT TRUE?

A. Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one's energy.

B. Dr. K1eitman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of

day.

C. Habit helps a person adapt to his own energy cycle.

D. Children have energy cycles, too.


五、改错题:共
10题,每题1分,请选出错误的选项,并进行改正。

61. Good health is person's most valuab1e possession.

 A             B           C                           D

62. Today, it is much easier to be healthy than it is in the past.

  A               B              C                     D

63. Modern people know more about the health, have better

   A                      B                           C                     D

64. food, and to live in cleaner surroundings. Also, scien-

A               B                             C                D

65. tists and doctors had learned how to deal with many diseases.

A                   B                                 C                D

66. Most people can quickly get for help from a doctor

 A                  B      C                D

67. or go to a hospital since they are ill. As a result, people

  A                        B              C            D

68. in the modern world generally live much more longer than

A                           B                     C                       D

69. people in past. People in industrial countries can expect

A                           B              C                   D

70. to live for twice so long as people who lived a few hundred years ago.

A       B                             C                         D


六、作文(
15分)(100120个字)。

假定你是王明,你所在的学校拟在下个月举办美国电影节(American Film Festival人请你根据以下要点给你的美国朋友Peter写一封短信,邀请他给学生做一次讲座。信的主要内容包括:

1.讲座目的:使学生对美国电影有所了解;

2.讲座内容:简要介绍美国电影(制片)业的历史;

3.讲座时间:1小时30分钟左右。





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